>> welcome to life in paris. here are the headlines -- stark warnings from donald trump, anyone who does business with iran will not do business with the united states. washington reimpose his sanctions cutting off tehran's access. the former first lady on the bery coast, she is due to released from jail.
reactors shut and cars band and wildfires blazing, temperatures peak across europe. summer heat wave could become the new normal with climate change. ♪ iranians are bracing for fresh economic difficulties as the united states reimpose his blanket sanctions to their access to the dollar and gold, sweeping measures in the early hours of this morning. the government has already been struggling to get a handle on the public finances and the discontent is spilling into the street protests in the past week. addressing donald trump, the
president accuses the u.s. of psychological warfare with the iranian people. the first step would be for donald trump to show he wants to negotiate to solve the problem, what is the meaning of negotiations when you impose sanctions at the same time? his talk is either about gaining domestic political advantage in the elections or waging psychological warfare against the iranian people. >> the u.s. president said that anyone doing business with iran am not be doing business with the united states and said that while these were the most biting sanctions ever, he sought world pepeace appeared. talk toespondent business owners in the capital. ago, at thishs
solder shop, this printnter for the equivalent of 400 euros and the salesman today says the same pririnter sells foror the eqequivalent of 1800 euros. >> our items have doubled and tripled in price. >> the soaring prices of imported goods is the outcome of one of the worst economic crisis is ever come in the three months since donald trump pulled out of the iran nuclear deal, the iran currency has lost almost half of its value a and companieses have retreated from investments in iran fearing violating u.s. sanctions. they say business is so bad he and his colleagues spend most of the day watching tv. > saleses have been cut in hf and these days we have two or three sales. >> in the silence is what it is like all day. >> the struggle is
life-and-death, his mother is recovering from breast cancer and finding her life-saving drug has become increasingly difficult. worry people with cancer will die. it is bad. cancer st as her the sanctions came. >> for somome, thereressure is t a boiling point. protests have broken out throughout iran and crowds are small, numbering in the hundreds but increasingly angry. many say the key to resolving the crisis is not to escalate tension with the u.s. but an act long overdue reform to address decades long mismanagement of the economy. >> the first thing people are demanding is fighting
corruption. >> until then, harder days ahead as millions of iranians stuck in a spiraling economy. and other world news, a man told a lie from a collapsed building. after a 6.9 magnitude earthquake. the survival is rare good news as indonesian authorities struggled to come to grips with the scale of the destruction and entire villages have been destroyed and thousands homeless with the death toll at 98 but may rise as searches continue. we have the story. joy in theoment of midst of tragedy. our's after rescuers heard a weak voice from under this collapsed mosque, they managed to pull a survivor from beneath the rubble. seeing the light of day for the
first time in nearly 48 hours, the man was overcome with emotion. humanitarian organizations said they would step up relief efforts after 20,000 people in temporary shelters or stranded outside after losing their homes were still waiting for help. >> we did not get any help. >> how did you manage to get food and drink? >> we bought them with our own money. home have to deal with because the hospital has to deal with hundreds of other injuries. >> those who survived unscathed say ththey will be traumatized r months. >> i do not think it will be easy to return to normal life, we need to do it slowly because the trauma is bad. we cannot sleep indoooors. >> 230 aftershocks have struck
the island since the sunday 6.9 magnitude earthquake which destroyeyed over 13,000 structus and forced thousands of tourists to evacuate. dozens of people were killed, a death toll expected to rise as rescue operations continue. >> the former first lady of the ivory coast is one of 800 people pardoned for crimes committed during the civil war. she had been convicted of crimes against humanity and still behind bars but should be really shortly. that as the government tries to draw a line under the 2011 civil war and focus on national wreck -- i spoke to our correspondent in the ivory coast and asked him to tell us more about her and what she was accused of. a little bit of context, she is the wife of the previous
president, he was in power in 2010. she was first lady of ivory coast. the hillary clinton of the tropics. -- she isd is in charged with crimes against humanity which she denies. this happened after the 2010 her husband lost to the current president but did not step down and held onto power which led to violence and 3000 people died. his wife has been implicated in some of the violence. in 2012, the international criminal court brought charges against her. involved in the shelling of a market in an area.
the ivory coast did not respond to the root west from the international criminal court. however, in 2015, she was imprisoned on charges -- different charges of endangering state security which is three years in prison. it gets more complicated because oft march she was acquitted the charges of beingng involvevn the violence but last thursday the supreme court overturned the acquittal but four days later she is being pardoned. a lot of back-and-forth. this is seen as some as an attempt at political reconciliation. ,> we turn to our top story iranians praising for fresh economic difficulties after the united states reimposed blanket accessns to hit tehran's to dollar and gold.
we will discuss it in more details. a professor of international relations at johns hopkins university. thank you for talking to us on france 24. donald trump issued a stark warning on twitter, saying anybody who does business with iran will not be doing business with the united states. will his words stock company from doing business in tehran -- not companies from doing business in tehran? >> i would imagine it would because the u.s. market is more important and many fear their ability to do business in the country. financial sanctions will stop company -- companies suspected of doing business with iran dealing in u.s. dollars which makes international trade difficult. >> it has been suggested that donald trump has been trying to
curtail iran's actions elsewhere in the middle east through these measures, for example in syria or yemen. will be sanctions succeed in reigning in iran's foreign policy? >> not really, not at first, the opposite, iranians s will try to make a point to live with sanctions and continue theheir - whwhat the u.s. views as nefaris activity in syria, lebanon, etc. ultimately, they may work because it will create so much pressure on the iranian population that the iranian population may start having some success against the more extreme movements within iran who are controlling the issue. >> you mentioned pressures within iran. where do you think the situation leaves the president of iran who is already under pressure over
protest about corruption. may he face a fresh challenge from hardliners in the country? >> be probably will. -- he probably will at his tenure may be short-lived. the problem is whether the pressure from sanctions will implications from the supreme leader and republican guard. iran goessident of away because of the extremist, i think it will put a lot more emphasis on the pressure from the people on the existing regime. that will be dangerous for the regime. >> we will have to leave it there. thank you very much for your time on the program today. other news, near record-breaking
temperatures have been baking much of europe this week. in france, nuclear reactors closed as a safety measures. portugal,nd firefighters are battling to protect -- against deadly blazes. >> this belgian couple spent the night with friends not far from the fire. when they returned to their house the following morning, a scene of destruction. further away, this bed and breakfast directly threatened by the inferno but the owners have refused to leave. >> we are here to defend our home. as you can see, i was hosing everything down and our plan b is to jump in the pool. we did not have to do it yet but the fire is close. 20,000e friday, 15,000,
homes have gone up in flames. authororities said the fire was 95% contained. a few hundred kilometers away across the spanish border, firefighters dealt with a raging wildfire in a pine forest. authorities said there was no danger to c cilians as s the absence of wind allow firefighters to quickly bring it under control. > no warnings were sent out because the fire was further from inhabited areas than forecast and therefore we did not have to carry out any evacuations and no homes were damaged. europe, spainf and portugal have been dealing with extremely hot weather. in some parts of the iberian peninsula, temperatures sure to 45 degrees celsius. if you're just joining us, the top stories, a stark warning from donald trump, anyone doing
business with iran will not do business with the united states as washington reimpose his sweeping sanctions cutting up the tyrant access to the dollar and gold. the former first lady of the ivory coast is pardoned for crimes against humanity. she should be released from jail drawe government tries to the line from the civil war previously. wildfires blazing and temperatures are peaking across europe. scientist warnings that the summer heat waves could be the new normal with climate change. let's bring you the focus report, today, going to tokyo where the birth rate is low and people are living longer, the government considering the age -- raising the age of retirement , a popular move with plenty of senior citizens choosing to continue to work. he can only enjoy the
nightlife to tokyo from his taxi cab, one of 50,000 men working in the largest metropolis in the world. >> the traffic at this hour. >> he became a taxi driver when he returned -- retired and is now 78 years old and works 14 hours every second day. goes, an idleng mind is a devil's workshop. i will rest when i die. [laughter] i will then have eternal vacations. >> like many japanese come he considers work an absolute term and the private company which employs him as a second family. >> good morning. working,a long night taxi drivers have to clocked out and the overwhelming majority of the employees are grandfathers. no age limit in this sector and the company head is 80.
>> are you ok? >> not so good. >> cheer up. >> that used to be many young taxicab drivers. >> why do not we see them anymore? >> the job is too harard. the shortagegainst of manpower, the japanese government announced a radical reform. in 2020, all the workers in the public and private sector can retire at 71 or older. the longer they work, the higher their pension. today it is 500 euros per month on average and is right the fatigue, candidates for these jobs are plenty.
in japan, one quarter of the population is more than 55 years old, the most aged country in the world. this reality visible in certain villages in the region of fukushima. families have fled radioactivity and many retired people decided to get back to work. this former municipal employee opened this restaurant, the objective to bring the village back to life. an instant success. >> older people like the traditional cuisine. not the industrial food that is served in restaurants chains. tiring bute, it is getting compliments from my clients, seeing their smiles, not -- makes me not feel the fatigue. enjoy your meal. [laughter] >> i am 70 years old but feel
young. i think the government proposal is good. people have to work after 70. as long as my body is in good health, i want to go on working. thank you very much. come back soon. >> a happy society for all the generations are active. a proposal made by the prime minister to overcome the pension crisis. this economist has written a book on work for senior citizens and is one of the leading advocates of the reform. with the current pension system that younger people contribute to the pension and the elderly people believe the benefit -- receive the benefit, it will create huge problems. issue, the deficit increase of the labor force of toerly people is critical
the issue. >> whether it is fatalism or pragmatism, the majority of the japanese support the reform. even the largest workers union in the country. >> we are fighting to reduce the number of working hours per day. seniorss a good thing have the possibility of working there whole life if a wish, as long as they are in good health. and their safety is guaranteed in the place of work. >> the workers unions helped -- say working can help the old escape poverty as one of five seniors is below the property line. -- poverty line. >> that was bruce harrison reporting from tokyo.
up next, the top stories. let's look at what is making headlines in the world newspapers. spatill start off with a between canada and saudi arabia. >> it began when the canadian government called for the release of two prominent human rights activist which created ire in riyadh. how is the saudi arabian press treating this? of this paper,ge they go through the list of countries and organizations that have praised the crown prince. in the canadian press, much surprise and indignation. argues it is mail not about canadian and saudi arabia relations but about
reflecting regional and domestic criticism about saudi foreign policy, mainly about their invoking the possibility of backing jared kushner and the white house proposal for a israeli-palestinian peace process. >> very controversial issue. how is this being viewed in the american media? >> new york times has a scathing editorial and call the saudi moves backward desperate and say it is unnecessarily aggressive and intended to intimidate critics into silence. say, hardly whimper of protest from the donald trump administration. >> a deadly couple of days in chicago. over 70 people shot. worthy of a war zone the newspaper say.
>> the summer season is killing season is what the "chicago tribune" calling the latest fat where scores of -- where scores were shot this weekend and they say the warmer weather brings people outside, including gang members that the real culprit is the proliferation of guns and lack of investment in poor neighborhoods. they say until that is fixed, violence goes on and on from killing season to killing season. >> more serious news on climate change, scientists say we may be as a planet reach a tipping point where all human efforts to curb emissions will not work. >> scientists have been looking into whether the earth's temperature can be stabilized at two degrees higher than it should be or whether as the climate accord is aiming to do, or if temperatures will go higher. scientists do not know what will
happen but they have made grim hypothesis and conclusions if the temperatures rise above that. scientists say in the guardian that we could enter into a hothouse state where a cycle where there is a domino effect, where rising temperatures could create even more rising temperatures. once that would have dire consequences on our ability to live in part of the plan in the next century. news, aance, more sad tribute to the famous mashed potato rep busy. -- recipe. >> lots of butter and lots of potatoes. it pays tribute to the passing of one of the french great books. -- cooks. mashedanslates to oh,
potatoes and a play on words. it also means oh no in french. to thee saying oh, no passing of the 73-year-old. he has multiple articles and tributes from chefs around the world who say they were inspired by him. if you want to know more about how he changed french cuisine, go to the "new yorker." they say he was a figure in history and opened the door of the cuisine today by mastering traditional recipes. >> finally, you will take us to india where there is a videoeo f farmers dancing while tiling a field -- plowing a field. >> you can find articles and the video across the web, farmers from a remote village, it shows
the men dancing in the mud with their oxen. this dance is a video bad of people exuberantly dancing in where it places. -- weird places. much of the internet has deemed the men the winners of this dance challenge. press,ou would like more go to our website, france 24.com. much more to come. stay with us.